Self-Luminous Exit Signs
you for your interest in SRBT tritium powered exit signs. Below you will find
answers to the most frequently asked questions.
How do you turn it on?
You do not have to do anything to activate it. Your SRBT sign is always on;
just take it into a dark room and turn off the lights to view its illumination.
Why isn't it brighter?
It doesn't need to be. You will not see the tritium lamps when the normal lighting
is on in a building, but the UL required contrast ratio of the face colors makes
the exit sign very visible. When you really need it, when the power has gone
out, the sign becomes very visible. The brightness of this unit is more than
twice the Underwriters Laboratories (UL) minimum requirement.
What maintenance is necessary?
None. Electrical sign lamps burn out and batteries go bad, so constant maintenance
is essentiral. You hope there's no emergency while the exit is out of service.
A SRBT self-luminous exit sign lasts up to twenty years, depending on which
unit you have purchased, with no maintenance costs.
Is this sign approved?
Yes! It meets the requirements of the National Fire Protection Association Life
Safety Code 101 which is the bible for most AHJ's. Other approvals/acceptances
include: Underwriters Laboratories, OSHA, NSI, BOCA, ICBO, SBCCI and the FAA
(Commercial airliners have tritium exits to protect their passengers).
What is Tritium?
Tritium gas is an isotope of the chemical element hydrogen that contains one
proton, two neutrons and is naturally present in the atmosphere. Tritium is
an unstable isotope, meaning that its molecular structure is subject to decay.
Unstable isotopes are referred to as radioactive isotopes. In radioactive isotopes,
the nucleus, or center, decays to form a different nucleus and a nuclear particle.
The nucleus in tritium decays by emitting an electron called a beta particle.
The rate at which a radioactive element loses its radioactivity (decays) determines
its half-life, the time it takes the element to decay to half its original activity
level. Tritium has a half life of approximately 12 ½ years which is very
short compared with many isotopes you may have read about in articles on current
events or in high school or college science courses.
Is there any radiation from these signs?
No. Tritium emits a beta electron which cannot even penetrate a piece of paper.
The tubes in SRBT signs which contain the tritium are shock-mounted inside a
high-impact plastic case designed to be tamper and vandal resistant. A clear
high-impact plastic shield across the face of the sign provides additional protection
and serves as another barrier against accidental damage.
What if a tube breaks?
If the protective shield and case are penetrated and a tube should break, releasing
the tritium gas, there is no hazard. Because it is hydrogen and therefore lighter
than air, when released, the tritium gas is dispersed rapidly and harmlessly
into the atmosphere to join the naturally occurring tritium already dispersed.
In the highly improbable event that all of the multiple tubes should fracture,
the effect is still less than half of that received from naturally occurring
radioactive sources during a year, and is similar to the difference between
living at sea level and moving to an elevation of 5,000 feet.
How Does a Tritium exit sign work?
Self-luminous signs use the electron from the tritium to provide illumination
without the need for a source of electrical power. The process is very similar
to that in your television set picture tube where an electron is used to illuminate
the front screen of the tube. The electron from tritium however has only about
¼ of the energy of the electron in a color TV picture tube. That is why
self-luminous signs are not visible in daylight while TV pictures are. Actually,
the electron from the tritium has such a low energy that it cannot even penetrate
an ordinary sheet of paper. To produce the illumination, the tritium gas is
contained within a hermetically sealed glass tube. The inside surfaces of the
tube are coated with a phosphor just like the inside surface of a television
picture tube. Electrons emitted by the tritium bombard the phosphor causing
it to produce illumination.
What is the guarantee?
If at any time during the life of the sign it fails to meet the required brightness
levels of NFPA, it will be replaced at no cost.
What do I do with the sign when it expires?
Contact the manufacturer (SRBT) at (336)659-2610 for return and disposal procedures.
What if I have more questions that weren't answered
You may call us at 888-844-3332 or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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